Here's some interesting energy generation links.

The fusor page is interesting. It sounds promising to me; but the 'big' guys seem to dismiss it - maybe they just like building the really big machines like the Tokamak reactors

It's really this readable discussion paper that spells out why 'cold' (rather than Sun-surface-temperature) fusion might work. (It's just a copy of the link from the page)

In a nutshell,

The formula for fusion rate per unit volume is

n1 n2 sigmaF v

  • n1 and n2 are the densities of the two colliding fuel species
  • sigmaF is the fusion crossection at the velocity or particle energy
  • v is the particle velocity

Premise : There is NO T (Temperature) in this equation. If the appropriate value of 'v' could be obtained without resorting to millions of degrees to speed up the particles the fusion should be possible at reasonable temperatures.

Use Boron-11 (B-11) and hydrogen nuclei (p) as a fuel.

Use a particle accelerator to provide the 'v'

When B-11 and p fuse, they form excited Carbon-12 which flies apart to form :
  • an energetic alpha particle
  • then another pair of alpha particle of much lower energy
  • some minor xray energy
  • NO radioactive by-products at all

The energetic alpha particle can be collected as useful energy. Read the paper for more info.